However, by analogy with other plurals ending in -s, speakers began construing pease as a plural and constructing the singular form by dropping the -s, giving the term pea. In England, the distinction between field peas and garden peas dates from the early 17th century: John Gerard and John Parkinson both mention garden peas. Scientific Names of Common Plants/Trees and Animals: Scientists have given each and every recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. Europe, Australia, Canada and the United States raise over 4.5 million acres and are major exporters of peas. [52], In the mid-19th century, Austrian monk Gregor Mendel's observations of pea pods led to the principles of Mendelian genetics, the foundation of modern genetics. They do not thrive in the summer heat of warmer temperate and lowland tropical climates, but do grow well in cooler, high-altitude, tropical areas. ANSWER. 1. Extra dwarf are suitable for container growing, reaching only about 25 cm. The pea used for the assembly was the inbred French cultivar "Caméor". Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Tall varieties grow to about 2m with support required. In the second half of the 2nd millennium BC, this legume crop appears in the Ganges Basin and southern India. They are then cooled and removed from the water. In dense plantings, peas give each other some measure of mutual support. After, they are sprayed with water to remove any residual dirt or dust that may remain on them. Kelvedon Wonder is popular in the United Kingdom, but uncommon elsewhere. [49], A variety of diseases affect peas through a number of pathogens, including insects, viruses, bacteria and fungi. [23][24][25], In the United Kingdom, dried, rehydrated and mashed marrowfat peas, or cooked green split peas, known as mushy peas, are popular, originally in the north of England, but now ubiquitously, and especially as an accompaniment to fish and chips or meat pies, particularly in fish and chip shops. [19] Pea pods do not keep well once picked, and if not used quickly, are best preserved by drying, canning or freezing within a few hours of harvest. [citation needed], In the Middle Ages, field peas are constantly mentioned, as they were the staple that kept famine at bay, as Charles the Good, count of Flanders, noted explicitly in 1124. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. And it is that very universality that is still relied upon to bring some clarity to the business of plant classification, in the form of scientific names for plants. Farther east, the finds are younger. Along with the scientific name of Garden Pea, know the scientific names of other plants too. (d) two individuals of a species 2. In this condition, the toxic reaction to eating most, if not all, beans is hemolytic anemia, and in severe cases the released circulating free hemoglobin causes acute kidney injury.[60][61]. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts - a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. Mendel chose peas for his experiments because he could grow them easily, develop pure-bred strains, protect them from cross-pollination, and control their pollination. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Peas, like many legumes, contain symbiotic bacteria called Rhizobia within root nodules of their root systems. Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk who discovered the basic principles of heredity through experiments in his garden. [8], Peas have both low-growing and vining cultivars. Nitrogen Fixation, 3rd Edition. This year more than 2,50,000 candidates appeared for the exam. The weevil larvae feed on the root nodules of pea plants, which are essential to the plants' supply of nitrogen, and thus diminish leaf and stem growth. Flowers are white, pink, or purple. Fresh peas are also used in pot pies, salads and casseroles. The seeds may be planted as soon as the soil temperature reaches 10 °C (50 °F), with the plants growing best at temperatures of 13 to 18 °C (55 to 64 °F). [31] Dry weight is about one-quarter protein and one-quarter sugar. [citation needed], Dried peas are often made into a soup or simply eaten on their own. arvense (L.) Asch. [citation needed] This food was made from a fast-growing pea that would mature in a short growing season. [53] He ended up growing and examining about 28,000 pea plants in the course of his experiments.[54]. 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